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developers:pseudos:psp45_format

### This file contains information about formats of pspcod=4 and pspcod=5 pseudopotentials.

Pspcod=4 corresponds to the case of Teter pseudopotentials generated in Louvain-La-Neuve using the code ATOM. Pspcod=5 corresponds to “Phoney” pseudopotentials built on a Hamman grid. At this stage (22 July 1998) it is possible to treat these pseudopotentials (in the version 1.5 and later). However, one has to be careful about the formats of these pseudopotentials. Indeed, to be read by the ABINIT code, they have to be slightly modified. Let's take examples to explain these modifications:

A. pspcod = 4 case (Teter pseudopotentials). The example corresponds to Lead.

(Xe+4f14)+6s1.8 5d10 6p0.2 5f0.05;rcs=rcd=2.0(exnc11),rcp=2.0(26),rcf=1.3(11) no chem-hard; ecut 19/25
82.00000  14.00000  0.000000000000000000E+00      z,zion,etot(wrong)
4         3         2      2001            iexc,ipsp,lmax-1,ngrid
.000   .000000000000000000E+00   .000000000000000000E+00 rchrg,fchrg,qchrg
2.00426660272461010 2.00426660272461010 2.00426660272461010 1.29915156996312131
2 2 2 0

(Xe+4f14)+6s1.8 5d10 6p0.2 5f0.05;rcs=rcd=2.0(exnc11),rcp=2.0(26),rcf=1.3(11) no chem-hard; ecut 19/25
82.00000  14.00000  960808                 zatom,zion,pspdat
4         3         3   3      2001    0  pspcod,pspxc,lmax,lloc,mmax,r2well
0  0  0   2    2.00426660272461010          l,e99.0,e99.9,nproj,rcpsp
.000 .000 .000 .000                         rms,ekb1,ekb2,epsatm
1  0  0   2    2.00426660272461010          l,e99.0,e99.9,nproj,rcpsp
.000 .000 .000 .000                         rms,ekb1,ekb2,epsatm
2  0  0   2    2.00426660272461010          l,e99.0,e99.9,nproj,rcpsp
.000 .000 .000 .000                         rms,ekb1,ekb2,epsatm
3  0  0   0    1.29915156996312131          l,e99.0,e99.9,nproj,rcpsp
.000 .000 .000 .000                         rms,ekb1,ekb2,epsatm
.000   .000   .000                          rchrg,fchrg,qchrg

This header corresponds exactly to these of the TM pseudoptentials (pspcod=1). In addition, in the new form of the Teter pseudopotentials, one indicates the number of angular momentum before each set of data corresponding to the considered angular momentum. This allows a clearer pseudopotential file.

B. pspcod = 5 case (“Phoney” pseudopotentials).

 The example corresponds to Oxygen.

Compromise psp for oxygen with rc=1.5 ec=25 double reference

 8.00000000000000000       6.00000000000000000      -15.6648128583845843
4           2           0         600
0.999999999999999955E-06  0.307523885541775704E-01
1.49157651759552068       1.49157651759552068
2           0

Compromise psp for oxygen with rc=1.5 ec=25 double reference

 8.000       6.000      980710     zatom,zion,pspdat
5   3   1   1   600     0         pspcod,pspxc,lmax,lloc,mmax,r2well
0.999999999999999955E-06  0.307523885541775704E-01  r1,al
0  0  0   2     1.49157651759552068               l,e99.0,e99.9,nproj,rcpsp
0  0  0   0                                       rms,ekb1,ekb2,epsatm
1  0  0   0      1.49157651759552068              l,e99.0,e99.9,nproj,rcpsp
0  0  0   0                                       rms,ekb1,ekb2,epsatm
0  0  0                                           rchrg,fchrg,qchrg

Note that this header is almost the same as for the pspcod=1 and pspcod=4 case. The only difference lies in the presence of “r1” and “al” parameters (defining the Hamman grid). Here also, we indicate in addition the number of each angular momentum before the set of data corresponding to the considered angular momentum.

Inside ABINIT, a pseudopotential with format 4 will be treated by the routine psp1in.f, that calls psp1lo.f (local part), psp1nl.f (non-local part), and psp1cc (core correction).

As a matter of numerical accuracy, note that the integral of (V®+Zion/r) r^2 in psp1lo.f is performed from 0 to the highest allowed radius (usually about 100 a.u.), without cut-off. V®+Zion/r should tend rapidly to zero for large radii (beyond 5 a.u.), but this correct behaviour will not be enforced by psp1lo . If the tail of V® is inaccurate (i.e. if the pseudopotential is in single precision), there will be large inaccuracies in the integral, because of the r^2 factor.

By contrast, a pseudopotential with format 5 will be treated by the routine psp5in.f, that calls psp5lo.f (local part), psp5nl.f (non-local part), and psp5cc (core correction).

The integral of (V®+Zion/r) r^2 in psp5lo.f is performed from 0 to the highest allowed radius (usually about 100 a.u.), except that beyond 20 a.u. no value of abs(V®) larger than 2.0d-8 is tolerated. This will allow to cut off spurious behaviour of pseudopotential whose data file is written in single precision.